Coly Technologies – Technical Manual
PSYCHOMETRIC ASSESSMENT – THEORETICAL FOUNDATION
Coly ME is a digital tool that maps personality and values through a psychometric assessment. The device uses the collected data points to form compatible groups of tenants for shared living and to produce unique personality & values profiles that provide personalized guidance to tenants.
The psychometric assessment maps; personality, values, motives, and preferences. The assessment is statistically examined and constructed to be objective and unbiased. The Coly ME assessment uses standard testing methods; all respondents use the same format, sequence, questions/items, and instructions for completing the assessment.
Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic thinking, feeling, and behavior patterns (APA, American Psychologist Association).
Personality traits are predispositions to act in particular ways consistent across different situations and stable over time.
The Big Five personality traits are about answering the question: "Who are you?" The different main characteristics of personality form the acronym OCEAN.
Openness to experience - a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience
Conscientiousness - a tendency to display self-discipline, act dutifully, and strive for achievement against measures or outside expectations
Extraversion - is a broad personality trait that exists on a continuum of attitudes and behaviors. Extraverts are outgoing, assertive, lively, and expressive, while introverts tend to be quiet, deliberate, and low-key.
Agreeableness - reflects individual differences in general concern for social harmony.
Emotional Stability (Neuroticism) - the tendency to be either stress-tolerant or experience negative emotions, such as anger, anxiety, or depression
The Coly ME tool measures values with PVQ. It is based on The Ten Universal Values theory and is one of the most common tools for assessing people ́s values in studies. The theory divides the ten fundamental values into four higher-order groups.
Universalism - Appreciation of tolerance and protection of all people and nature. The commitment to equality, striving to understand people different from oneself.
Benevolence - Preservation and enhancement of the well-being of people that one is close to.
Conformity - Preference for following social expectations, rules, and norms.
Tradition - Preference for maintaining and preserving cultural, family, or religious traditions.
Security - Preference for safety, Stability, and low-risk-taking.
Power - Control or dominance over people and resources.
Achievement - The importance of personal success and demonstrating competence according to social standards.
Hedonism - The preference for experiencing entertainment and thinking it is essential to have fun.
Openness to Change
Activity - To prefer excitement, novelty, and challenge in life.
Self-Direction - To prioritize independent choices and actions, determining one ́s own actions and cultivating own ideas.
How do we know that the Coly ME tool is a reliable and valid test instrument?
Convergent validity refers to how closely the new scale relates to other measures of the same psychological construct - personality.
Procedure: In 2021, Coly recruited 100+ study participants who completed the Coly ME assessment and the world-class standard in the science of personality, the NEO -120 test. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used when calculating the correlation between Coly ME and the standard.
Results: The five scales (The Big Five personality traits) showed significantly high convergent validity between Coly ME Assessment and the Neo Scales.
Conclusions: Coly ME has high convergent validity with the golden standard personality test, according to global standard recommendations of at least 0,7 as a measure of a good convergent validity of the measurements.All of the scales had values well over 0,7.
Conscientiouasness R= 0,90
Extraversion R= 0,92
Emotional Stability R=0,91